Background: Chemotherapy (CT)-induced neutropenia and febrile neutropenia (FN) can lead to changes in the treatment plan, potentially worsening the cancer outcome. This study evaluated the effect of the glycopegylated granulocyte-colony stimulating factor lipegfilgrastim, used as primary (PP) or secondary prophylaxis (SP), on treatment modifications in adult patients receiving cytotoxic CT with or without biological/targeted therapy (BT) for solid and haematological tumours.
Methods: This phase 4, prospective, observational study was conducted in eight centres in the Netherlands, in 2015-2017. Other study objectives were to characterise the population of cancer patients receiving lipegfilgrastim, to evaluate the incidence of CT-induced neutropenic events, and to assess safety.
Results: Of 142 patients, 73.94% had breast cancer and 55.63% received CT in the adjuvant setting. Most patients received lipegfilgrastim as PP (74.65%) and were at low (34.51%) or high risk (39.44%) of FN. CT dose delays were recorded for 22.64% and 36.11% of patients receiving lipegfilgrastim for PP and SP, respectively. CT dose reductions were recorded for 2.11% of patients; no CT
dose omissions and one BT dose omission occurred. FN and grade III/IV neutropenia were reported for 5.63% and 9.86% of patients, respectively; associated hospitalisations were rare. The most frequently lipegfilgrastimrelated adverse events (AE) were myalgia, bone pain, and back pain. Serious AEs (55) were reported for 30 (21.13%) patients. There were two deaths, unrelated to lipegfilgrastim administration.
Conclusion: Administration of lipegfilgrastim in routine clinical practice in the Netherlands results in limited CT/BT dose modifications and low incidence of neutropenic events, with no new safety concerns.