Issue: 2020 > Juli > special report

Atypical and fulminant presentations of pneumococcal infections: A case series in a tertiary intensive care unit

J. Liesveld, A.J.H. Cremers, J. Meis, E. Kolwijck, J. Schouten
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With the introduction of conjugate pneumococcal vaccines, changes in causative serotypes and clinical presentations of Streptococcus pneumoniae infections are occurring. During the 2017-2018 winter, an unusual number of patients with a severe manifestation of pneumococcal disease was admitted to a tertiary care intensive care unit (ICU) in the Netherlands. We describe some of the cases in depth.
Given our observed change in infecting serotypes and extreme clinical manifestations of pneumococcal disease, a systematic clinical registry of pneumococcal infections in the ICU may be a valuable addition to pneumococcal disease surveillance.